Rayen; the undetected treasure of the desert of Iran
The city of Rayen 100 km off the south of Kerman is located at the foot
of Mt. Hezar which is the 4th highest mountains in Iran and the highest
peak of the southern part of our country. Rayen with its ancient
civilization and antiquity has had a suitable condition during the reign
of Sasanian dynasty. Since it was situated in the route of highways
connecting West to East, it has been one of the centers of giving and
taking merchandise as well as weaving valuable cloths which were
exported even to the farthest areas such as Egypt.
Rayen because of having the monument “Rayne’s castle”, natural waterfall
sceneries, several springs originating from Mt. Hezar, 1000-year old
planes, 400-year old cypresses, volcanic mountains, spas and the holly
shrine of 3 descendants of Imams (Imamzadeh) is considered an important
area for both touring and pilgrimage.
The most important attraction of this ancient city is its historical
castle. This castle which covers an area of about 20,000 square meters,
is a valuable heritage and a cultural historical wealth which hosts
thousands tourists each year.
It is known that several other ancient castles had existed in Rayen but
were ruined due to natural disasters.
Mt Hezar has a vegetation of about 1000 various plants and this is the
source where the name of the mountain originally comes from.
The rural areas at the foot of Mt. Hezar offer a pleasant weather and
scenic waterfall to visiting tourist in spring and summer. The 400-year
old cypresses together with Plato Boulevard can be known as other
attractions of the city. The presence of lush trees has donated a
special beauty to the boulevard. To introduce religious places in Rayen,
on can name the holly shrine of Abolbashaer who is also known as “God’s
lion”. This man is an honorable and respected descendent of the prophet
of Islam (Sayed) who is one of Imam Sadeq`s grandsons and has supervised
other descendent of the prophet of Islam (Sayeds) in Kerman. It can also
be mentioned that the holly shrine of Sayed Ali- Imam Hasan Mojtaba`s
grandson and of Zeyd- Imam Mosa Kazim`s grandson is situated in Rayen.
Besides historical, recreational and religious places considered as
different attractions of the city, we can name the biggest volcanic
opening located near the rural area Qale Hasan Ali. This opening also
includes 14 other smaller volcanic openings as well as several spas. If
you travel about 30 km toward the south of Rayen you will reach a spa in
the route of one of the rivers of Mt. Hezar. The water of this spa is
known as deuterium which is similar to the Oriyaz Izr spa in France.
Although its water is not drinkable it can be used as a kind of
medication for diseases such as rachitism, rheumatism and lymphatism.
Marble mines in Rayen have a worldwide reputation. These marbles have
been used to decorate the holly shrine of Imam Ali and to build the
monument Taj Meha. This fact is a direct indication of the high quality
of Rayen`s marble.
Agriculturally speaking, Rayen is a rich area in producing various
fruits such as pistachios, walnuts, pomegranates, grapes, pears,
strawberries, cherries, peaches and apricots. It should be added that
Rayen is also famous because of its handicrafts. People of this city are
very skillful at metal works and specially the art of knife making.
Dilettante women of Rayen are good at creating decorative arts such as
pate, a kind of handmade art.
Indubitably, possessing such positive characteristics has transfigured
this city into a unique stone and a shiny ring in the rosy desert of
Iran. Paleontologists believe that Rayen is the undetected treasure
which can divulge untold secrets of the past. Rayen requires and
deserves more exploration and examination
Welcome to the historic town of RayenRayen historic town
Rayen historic town with a good climate is located 100 km south of Kerman and 115 north of Jiroft .
This city on the slopes of mount Hezar ,the highest mountain in southern of Iran .Rayen is a cold regions of Kerman city
most important attractions of Rayen is: Citadel, waterfalls sycamore
1000 year old, cedar with 400 year old, volcanoes, mineral water spring
picturesque villages and fifth places are religious tourism.Rayen Citadel
most important historical attractions of this ancient land, is Rayen
citadel .After than Bam citadel, Rayen citadel is the biggest adobe
building in the world with an area of 22000 m^2 and 40000 m^2 of
space.This citadel is located in the south western of Rayen and on top
of a hill.The castle is clear evidence of the antiquity and history of
this area goes back to the Sasanian era there were old castles and
history in this place, that they were demolished due to natural
Castle of government
Landing - place
One of the most important natural attractions of mount Hezar is beautiful waterfall that is located in 14 km west of the Rayen.The biggest caldera of Iran
It placed in 25km south east of Rayen near GHale Hasanali village with 1200 meter diameters and 350 meters depth.Mineral water springs of Rayen
are Calcium bicarbonate heavy mineral water springs near Safaeeyeh
village that is function of Hosseinabad Gorooh they are effective for
lnfatysm , rheumatism and rickets treatments Natural attraction of Rayen
1000 years old plane tree near central mosque
years old cedar tree located in front of holy shrine of Zeyd and
beautiful Aflatoon Blvd at the end of SHariati street are natural
attraction of Rayen.Holy places of Rayen
The holy shrines of SHire KHoda, shrine Sultan Seyyed Ali and shrine Zeyd are in Rayen city.
of shrine SHire KHoda with 9 intermediate goes back to Imam Sadegh,
genealogy of shrine Sultan Seyyed Ali with 10 intermediate goes back to
Imam HasanMojtaba and the genealogy of Zeyd Shrine goes back to Imam
Musa Kazem also the holy shrine of Seyyed Mohammad Zaman is in Gishigan
village and shrine Bibi Mansoure is in Korch village.Hezar mountain of Rayen
mountain with 4501 meters height is highest mountain in both south of
Iran and central high lands of country. Hezar mountain with having 900
km extent is the source of rivers such as Haft Kusk, CHary, Tahrud and
it is on the branches of Halil river.Handwork of Rayen
The most important and popular Handwork of Rayen is metal working industry. Also weaving handmade carpet is common in this area.Lush hillside villages of Rayen
Dodaran, Ziaratgah, Babzangi, Gishigan, KHeirabad and etc with
pleasant weather in both summer and spring season say welcome to nature
enthusiasts.Administration of Cultural
Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism
Iran - Kerman province